Quick Facts on Tiwi
- LAND AREA: 11,628 Hectares (116.28 Sq. Kms.)
- POPULATION: 50,163 (As of 2010)
- NO. OF BARANGAYS: 25
- MAJOR INDUSTRY: Agriculture, Pot Making, Food Processing, Dairy Products & Garments Industry
Originally named Tigbi by the Spanish religious community in 1658, this gem of a town was once a barrio of Malinao Albay, before it became formally organized as a town in 1696.
The name, Tigbi, was derived from the name of a plant, a gabi look-alike, which grew abundantly in the area. However, this name was later on changed to Tivi, and then finally, to its present name, Tiwi. The Historical Commission of the National Library described Tiwi, in its early stages a town with a gobernadorcillo and a secular parish priest under the Diocese of Nueva Caceres.
It had some 1,105 houses in its barrios, a parish house and church, a primary school funded by the community and a cemetery outside the town proper. The products were rice, corn, sugarcane, indigo, fruits, and vegetables. Its industries were agriculture and weaving abaca clothes. Legend however has it, that long before the establishment of this municipality by the Spaniards, the present Poblacion, including the barangays of Libjo, Cararayan and Naga, and the hills Bolo and Putsan were part of the Pacific Ocean, as an island.
The filling up of this part of the sea with alluvial deposits came about during the volcanic eruption of Mt. Malinao, now long since extinct. Geothermal drilling in the barangay of Cale, which extracted sand at sea, level has established proof that the legend could be true. The municipality, since Lorenzo Mancilla, the first gobernmadorcillo, to the present Mayor LEO P. TEMPLADO had 120 town executives.