2000 Census of Fishries Higlights
According to the 2002 Census of Fisheries, there were 1.49 million municipal and commercial fishing operators. This showed a three-fold increase from 583,785 fishing operators recorded in 1980. Municipal fishing dominated the fishing industry with 1.48 million operators (99.5%) while only 7,146 were into commercial fishing operation.
Legal Form of Organization
Most of the municipal fishing activities (1.46 million) were ran by individual operators. On the other hand, municipal fishing operators under partnership totaled to 17,040. Under this type of organization, two or more competent persons associate themselves in common ownership and management of fishing operation.
Fishing Gears Used
The most common fishing gear used by municipal fishing operators as of August 2003 was hook and line with 7.88 million sets. Other types of fishing gears included cast net, cover pot, and crab hook (3.88 million). Gill nets ranked next with 1.09 million.
Municipal fishing operators generally made use of boats weighing three tons or less and rafts. Fishing boats weighing three tons or less almost doubled in number after two decades from 388,188 in 1980 to 653,019 in 2002. Likewise, rafts used during the same period (26,910 increased by almost twice tre number accounted for in 1980 (13,639).
Details also showed that a total of 313,985 boats/vessels with engine were used by municipal fishing operators, an increase of 183.8 percent from 110,652 boats/vessels in 1980. Most of these boats (124,812) had an engine capacity of 5.0 to 9.9 horsepower, of which, 103,817 were with outrigger.
Demographic Characteristics of Municipal Fishing Operators
Reaching 1.40 million, male operators accounted for 94.6 percent of the total municipal fishing operators in the country in 2002. Municipal fishing operators had a median age of 41 years. This means that half of them were below 41 years old. On the other hand, female municipal fishing operators were older than the male operators. The median age among female operators was 46 years.
Household Members Engaged in Municipal Fishing Operation
Household members of the fishing operators were asked if they were engaged in fishing operated by other household members and/or by other households.
In 2002, some 879,079 household members were engaged in municipal fishing activities. Of this total, 758,388 or 86.3 percent worked in their own fishing operation, 69,756 (7.9%) in other fishing operation, and 50,935 (5.8%) simultaneously in their own fishing operation and in other fishing operation. Males consistently dominated the municipal fishing operation either as operators or as workers. Male non-operator household members who were engaged in municipal fishing activities totaled to 519,546, which was almost double the number of their female counterpart (297,178).
Legal Form of Organization
In 2002, out of 7,146 commercial fishing operations, individual proprietorship comprised a total of 6,511 operators. Operation under partnership came in second with 346 surpassing the number recorded by corporations (177) which used to place second in the 1980 survey.
Fishing Gears Used
The number of hook and line sets used in 2003 was 49,814, making it the most common fishing gear used by commercial fishing operators. Coming close was the group of other types of fishing gears with 46,214 sets while gill nets used totaled to 15,631 nets.
The number of fishing boats/vessels used by commercial fishing operators increased almost three times, from 3,411 in 1980 to 9,936 in 2002. Most of these boats (2,884) had gross tonnage ranging from 3.1 to 5.0 tons. Fishing boats with gross tonnage of 5.1 to 9.0 tons (2,302) followed next.
Meanwhile, boats/vessels with engine (8,999) used by commercial fishing operators increased by 178.3 percent over the past two decades from 3,234 boats registered in 1980. (Jf the total number of boats/vessels in 2002, 2,591 had an engine capacity of less than 50 horsepower, of which, 2,134 were with outrigger.
Demographic Characteristics of Commercial Fishing Operators
Of the total commercial fishing operators, 6,565 were males. The median age of male commercial fishing operators was 39 years while the female operators were older at 49 years.
Household Members Engaged in Commercial Fishing Operation
Household members of commercial fishing operators who were engaged in fishing operations totaled to 4,446 persons. Among them, 3,754 (84.4%) worked in their own fishing operation, 476 (10.7%) in other fishing operation and only 216 (4.9%) in both.
Details further showed that there were more male non-operator household members (2,837) engaged in fishing than females (1,408). This could be attributed to the nature of ishing activity that necessitates a person to be away from residence for quite a long period if time.
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