Concepts and Definition
WHO ARE THE OVERSEAS WORKERS:
For purposes of this survey, overseas workers are the following:
- Filipino overseas contract workers (OCW) who are presently and temporarily out of the country to fulfill an overseas work contract for a specific length of time or who are presently at home on vacation but still has an existing contract to work abroad. They may be landbased or seabased.
- Landbased workers – these are overseas contract workers who are hired either by direct hiring of an employer abroad; or through the assistance of Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA); or through a private and licensed recruitment agency. They may have returned to the Philippines for a vacation (annual or emergency leave), or have transferred to other employers, or were rehired by their former employer.
- Seabased workers - these are overseas contract workers who worked or are working in any kind of international fishing/passenger/cargo vessels. Included also are OCWs who worked or are working for a shipping company abroad.
- Other Filipino workers abroad with a valid working visa or work permits. Included also are crew members of airplanes such as pilots, stewards, stewardesses, etc.
Example: Filipinos working in countries such as U.S., Taiwan, Saipan, etc. with a working visa.
- 3. Filipinos abroad who are holders of other types of non-immigrant visa such as tourist/visitor, student, medical and other are presently employed and working full time.
PERSONS NOT CONSIDERED AS OVERSEAS WORKERS ARE:
- Filipinos whose place of employment is outside the Philippines but whose employer is the Philippine government.
Examples are Filipinos who worked or are working in Philippine embassies, missions and consulates abroad.
- Filipinos who are sent abroad by the Philippine government or by private institutes for training, scholarship or any other similar purpose, even if they are known to be working abroad.
Note that students who are sent abroad by private individual who are working or had worked there are excluded in this category.
- Filipinos working in other countries who are hired as consultants/advisers of International organization such as the United Nations International Monetary Fund, etc. 4. Immigrants to other countries even though they are working abroad.
LIMITATIONS OF THE SURVEY
- OFWs include overseas contract workers (OCWs) who were presently and temporarily out of the country during the reference period to fulfill an overseas contract for a specific length of time or who were presently at home on vacation during the reference period but still had an existing contract to work abroad and other Filipino workers abroad with valid working visas or work permits. Those who had no working visa or work permits (tourist, visitor, student medical, and other types of non-immigrant) but were presently employed and working full time in other countries were also included.
- The OFWs covered in this report were those working abroad during the period April 1 to September 30, 2002. The workers who were at home on vacation from their jobs abroad who left earlier than April 1 of the reference year were also included in this report as long as they worked during the specified reference period.
- The SOF did not ask for the total salary received by the OFWs. Hence, the remittances presented in the results may just be part of the total salary received by the OFWs.
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