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2002 SOF Highlights
Concepts and Definitions
Explanatory Text

Higlights of the 2002 Survey on Overseas Filipinos

Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) in April to September 2002 up by 3.1 percent…
The number of Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) in Bicol who worked abroad during the period April to September 2002 reached 33 thousand up by 3.1 percent from 32 thousand a year ago. Of this total 96.9 percent or 32 thousand were overseas contract workers (OCWs) who had existing work-contract abroad. Their number remains the same in April to September 2001.

For every 100 female OFWs, there were 94 male OFWs…
Of the 33 thousand OFWs, 17 thousand or 51.5 percent were females while 48.5 percent were males. This translated to a sex ratio of 94 males for every 100 females.

Female OFWs increased by 4 thousand or 30.8 percent during the 6-month period. On the other hand, male OFWs decreased by 4 thousand or 20.0 percent.

A greater number of OFWs in Bicol were in the 25-29 age group. Majority of these were males. Male OFWs were more than twice the number of female OFWs in the 40-44 age group.

Asia remained the favorite destination of OFWs in Bicol…
Of the 33 thousand OFWs in October 2002, 27 thousand or 81.8 percent worked in Asia. Those who were in Europe, was about 4 thousand or 12.1 percent; and those in North and South America, Australia and Africa have 1 thousand each or 3.0 percent.

About one half of the 27 thousand OFWs in Asia (14 thousand or 51.8 percent) were in Saudi Arabia. Those who worked in East Asia (Hongkong, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan) accounted for about 29.6 percent (8 thousand).

Saudi Arabia remained to be the favorite destination of male OFWs (8 thousand) and female OFWs (6 thousand).

One third of OFWs in Bicol were laborers and unskilled workers…
About 11 thousand or 33.3 percent of OFWs in Bicol were laborers and unskilled workers. Trade and related workers came next with 18.2 percent or about 6 thousand, followed by plant and machine operators and assemblers at 15.2 percent or about 5 thousand.

Total Remittances in April to September 2002 decreased by 191.4 million pesos…
From April to September 2002, the total remittances of OFWs in Bicol amounted to 1.028 billion pesos, lower by 191.4 million pesos from 1.22 billion pesos during the same period last year. These remittances included cash sent (1.0 billion pesos) and cash brought home (26.9 million pesos).

The average remittance within six-month period was estimated at 61,418 pesos, an increase of 29.6 percent from 47,395 pesos last year. Male OFWs sent higher remittances on the average than female OFWs.

Most OFWs in Bicol sent cash remittances through banks…
Of the 27 thousand OFWs sending cash remittances, about 21 thousand or 77.8 percent availed the services of banks while about 4 thousand or 14.8 percent used door to door delivery. Others remitted through agency or local office, friends/co-workers and other means with 2 thousand or 7.4 percent.

Cash remittances sent through banks amounted to 782.8 million pesos or about 76.1 percent. Cash sent through door to door delivery amounted to 205.1 million or 19.9 percent while the remaining 40.5 million pesos or 3.9 percent were either remitted through agency or local office, or friends or co-workers or other means.

Cash remittances sent by OFWs in Asia reached 870.1 millions pesos… The cash remittances sent by OFWs in Asia reached 870.1 million pesos accounting for 84.6 percent of the total cash remittances. Cash remittances coming from the OFWs in Europe came next (107.9 million pesos) followed by those from Africa (24.1 million pesos).

Among OFWs in the Asian countries, OFWs in Saudi Arabia sent the biggest cash remittances (541.3 million pesos or about 52.6 percent). OFWs in Qatar sent the least with 6.3 million pesos.

Biggest share of cash remittances came from laborers and unskilled workers…
Among the major occupation groups, OFWs working as laborers and unskilled workers shared the biggest cash remittances during the period April to September 2002. They accounted for 23.8 percent or 245.2 million pesos of the total cash remittances in Bicol. The next biggest remittances were sent by trades and related workers, 234.4 million pesos or about 22.8 percent. Professional workers contributed 166.4 million pesos or about 16.2 percent.

In terms of average cash remittances, professional workers reported the biggest at 98,499 pesos. Laborers and unskilled workers reported the least with 23,522 pesos.

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